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Credit Card Applications » News » Other » Credit Risk Management

Credit Risk Management

April 24, 2007 | Updated on April 24, 2007
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The content is accurate at the time of publication and is subject to change.

Avoiding unnecessary credit risks - what does your credit card application say about you?

It's a standard rule of investment. A rule that applies to just about anything is that basically: the higher the risk, the higher the reward. When it comes to credit cards, your goal should be to lower that risk but at the same time increase the potential rewards with your credit card. The only way for you to do that is to make sure that you understand every aspect of your credit card.

People with bad credit and high interest credit cards especially need to make sure that they understand how their credit cards work. In most cases, those with bad credit are in that situation due to a lack of understanding as to just how their card works. If you are in this situation then pay attention. With just a little work and better management skills you will be able to get back on your feet.

The most basic form of credit is basically the exchange of money using collateral as a security against default. This practice started centuries ago and has been a regular feature of all advanced civilizations. Today the most common forms of credit are home, mortgage and auto loans. These are simple examples of credit because the asset is used as collateral.

Since the 1950s credit card companies have been issuing credit using a different set of rules. Companies began issuing credit without requiring any hard assets for use as collateral. This was the birth of unsecured credit card no credit loans. Unlike a normal banking institution, a credit card company is not able to seize assets in the event that you fail to make the specified payments. In an economic sense the credit card companies realize a very large risk. What makes that risk easier to accept is the fact that these companies charge an interest rate that is higher then conventional bank secured credit cards.

Over the years, the credit card industry has perfected the process of lending unsecured money and this has been quite profitable. The credit lines issued to each customer are essentially a line of risk. Every dollar and every cent extended to a customer is considered a financial risk. Credit card companies assess the risk of each person that they extend credit to.

Based on the information provided on a credit card application each credit card issuer will determine the amount of risk that each person poses. To properly do that, credit card companies will want to know just about everything about you. Your spending and payment history determines your character and ability to repay the amount extended. The primary way of obtaining this information is through the credit profiling done by credit reporting agencies.

Depending on your ultimate credit score, you will be placed in a certain pool of risk. This determines the different rates of interest and fees on their credit cards. Those with higher risks are assessed higher interest rates to offset that risk.

This is why especially today, just about anyone can get some form of credit. If you are a person that has been placed into a high-risk high interest credit card, you are paying more for you purchases then those who pose less of a risk. This does not have to be permanent. With a little work you can begin to rebuild your credit and you will start to see the savings.

Understand Your Risks. Sadly many do not understand the fact that for the average person there is also a considerable risk involved. For some consumers, being given large credit limits is like receiving a license to spend. Having that attitude has led to the financial demise of many.

Some consumers are at risk of over-extending themselves making it difficult or sometimes impossible to repay their debt. Each month that you are late on a payment or are over your credit limit, your credit score is impacted. This will affect your ability to make large purchases like a new home or car.

Unfortunately because of the risk involved, people with a bad credit history pay more for less credit. High interest credit cards with low limits lead to overspending and incurring additional fees determined by the credit card company. The money that people pay to maintain high credit card balances would be better used being saved for bigger purchases.

The fact that there are so many people that have put themselves in debt due to overspending shows that there is a general lack of understanding of how credit works. People regularly underestimate their risk exposure and as a result end up digging themselves deeper and deeper into credit debt.

The best way to take control of your credit score is by properly using credit cards. Formulating a careful strategy and using your credit cards properly will allow you to rebuild your credit history and help you qualify for good credit credit cards.

Starting Down the Path to Good Credit. Regardless of your credit score you will find that there are a number of companies who will still consider your credit card application online. Go ahead and submit an application but remember that if your credit score is bad you will pay more in high interest rates and potential fees. It is still recommended that you shop for a card with the least amount of fees and take the best deal you can find.

This card is not a go ahead to start spending, instead it is an opportunity to show you have learned to use that visa credit card responsibly. Use this card very sparingly and make sure that you pay off the balance in full every month. This will show creditors that you are interested in repairing your credit and will eventually lead to a better credit score.

Another option is to use a bank secured credit card. This means that you will actually give the bank money upfront that they will turn around and offer you a credit card. For example if you make a deposit of $500 to a bank, they will offer you a card with a credit card with a $500 credit limit. You will be reestablishing your credit and proving yourself reliable. This will also allow you to have the convenience of a credit card without as much risk.

Be careful that you don't fall into the trap of getting too many cards and spreading yourself too thin. The more credit you have the easier it is to over-extend yourself. Regardless of your credit condition it is possible to have too many cards. The only thing having multiple credit cards will do is make a creditor too nervous and force them to put you into a high interest credit card.

Any card with small credit limits will help your credit score as long as you are keeping up with the payments. Maintaining a department store or a gas credit card will show major credit card companies that you take your obligations seriously.

In the end your ultimate credit score is determined directly by your actions. By taking control of your finances and maintaining a good credit history you lower your level of risk and ensure that you will be offered credit cards with reasonable terms. Soon you will be able to fill out application for credit cards with no annual fees with confidence.

Disclaimer: This editorial content is not provided or commissioned by the credit card issuer(s). Opinions expressed here are the author's alone, not those of the credit card issuer(s), and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by the credit card issuer(s). Reasonable efforts are made to present accurate information, however all information is presented without warranty. Consult a card's issuing bank for the terms & conditions.
All rates and fees, and other terms and conditions of the products mentioned in this article/post are actual as of the last update date but are subject to change. See the current products' Terms & Conditions on the issuing banks' websites.
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