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An inability to repay creditors either by a sole individual or an institution is termed as bankruptcy. Creditors, themselves may also apply for bankruptcy against debtors who have failed to make payments on time. The basket case trend was brought into picture earlier so that creditors could largely benefit from it. More recent laws however ensure a balance is maintained.
Presently, the basic idea revolving around the restructuring of business debts isn`t necessarily based on the total eradication of items that are insolvent. They are dependent on the reformation of both the economic and organizational structure of debtors undergoing the monetary crisis. With this simplified procedure, it helps not just in the up scaling of the financial structure but also the continuation of functions without any hassles.
When bankruptcy is declared at a personal level, the law advises that households first gauge the belying problem. It then suggests means in which the financial crisis can be solved or even kept to a minimum. Upon filing for a defalcation, individuals are provided with an outline on how they can make up for the debts incurred as part of the rehabilitation program, and are helped with planning their money spending activities in a more efficient manner.
Debtors more often than not voluntary apply for a monetary default when the debts against them have surged and they feel they wouldn`t be able to make repayments within a stipulated period. This voluntary bankruptcy is a good option when there is a faulty handling of finances, and is ideal for consumers needing to revamp their pending funds. On the other hand, a creditor may file a bankruptcy against an individual or an institution when they opine that there are less chances of gaining the lent money back. The method is also opted so that creditors are successful in obtaining at least some portion of the money owed to them. In a rare case scenario, an individual bankruptcy may be issued against a person who isn`t having a business.
Although financial distress can be solved in a number of ways, it is said "Prevention is better than cure" and is at best avoided. And even though there are many steps that can be taken to steer away from indebtedness, the "Take No Action" method is best known. The procedure is employed when a debtor possesses no or extremely low assets and money. It involves negotiation with the creditors so that the latter are convinced of future appropriate payments. Additionally, the restructuring of debts by either a private or public company is another good way to keep bankruptcy off the horizon.